Kostenki 12 Streletskian point
45-27,000 years old (?) (age uncertain)
Kostënki 12 is a large site consisting of several different excavation areas. The most important excavations were those of A.N. Rogachev in the 1950s and early 1960s, which identified four archaeological layers. The lowermost (and therefore oldest) of these is among the oldest archaeological layers at Kostënki. Further important excavations at Kostënki 12 were undertaken by M.V. Anikovich during the 2000s.
Two layers at Kostënki 12 have historically been attributed to the Streletskian archaeological culture: Layer Ia and the older Layer III. This Streletskian point was found by Rogachev and attributed to the younger Layer Ia, although it was actually found in younger deposits. The precise age of this particular artefact therefore remains unclear.
(Artefact housed at the Institute for the History of Material Culture [Palaeolithic Division], Saint Petersburg.)