Kostenki 12 Streletskian point
45-28,000 years old (age uncertain)
Kostënki 12 is a large site consisting of several different excavation areas. The most important excavations were those of A.N. Rogachev in the 1950s and early 1960s, which identified four archaeological layers. The lowermost (and therefore oldest) of these is the oldest archaeological layer at Kostënki, along with Layer V of Kostënki 1. Further important excavations at Kostënki 12 were undertaken by M.V. Anikovich during the 2000s.
Two layers at Kostënki 12 are thought to belong to the Streletskian archaeological culture: Layer Ia and the older Layer III. This Streletskian point was found by Rogachev in the younger Layer Ia. The layer is currently thought to date to between 38,000 and 34,000 years ago, although the precise age of this particular artefact remains unclear.
(Artefact housed at the Institute for the History of Material Culture [Palaeolithic Division], Saint Petersburg.)