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Kostenki 13 shouldered point

Flint point/knife, 28-27,000 years old

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Kostënki 13 is a single-layered site excavated by A.N. Rogachev in several phases from the 1950s to the 1970s. The site is typical of the 'Kostënki-Avdeevo Culture' or 'Eastern Gravettian', with characteristic habitation and storage pits as well as diagnostic stone tools such as shouldered points, Kostënki knives and leaf points. Kostënki 13 is positioned between the other Kostënki-Avdeevo Culture sites of Kostënki 1 and Kostënki 18 - two sites that we have studied in the course of our research.

This shouldered point from Kostënki 13 is particularly large - in most cases they are much smaller, sometimes only half the size of this one. They would have been hafted to a shaft or handle. Stone tools such as this are commonly thought to have served multiple functions, but it seems likely that their primary function was as a knife.

(Artefact housed at the Institute for the History of Material Culture [Palaeolithic Division], Saint Petersburg.)