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Kostenki 1 Streletskian point

45-28,000 years old (age uncertain)

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Kostënki 1 has a long history of excavation through the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. P.P. Efimenko’s campaigns during the 1920s and 30s unearthed the first of Kostënki’s famous mammoth-bone structures in the site's uppermost Layer I, as well as a stratigraphic sequence of several different archaeological layers. A.N. Rogachev excavated the site periodically from 1938 until 1976, and in 1948 recognised for the first time five archaeological layers. Later excavations by N.D. Praslov (1978-1994) focused mainly on Layer I’s second mammoth-bone structure, while those of M.V. Anikovich (2004-2012) focused instead on the site’s lower layers.

This Streletskian point was found during Praslov’s excavations. Although it is not clear exactly which layer it is from, evidence for bifacial stone-working that could be part of the same technical process was found in Layer III. However, the artefact itself matches several examples found by Rogachev in his Layer V. There is therefore a degree of uncertainty about precisely how old the artefact is.

(Artefact housed at the Institute for the History of Material Culture [Palaeolithic Division], Saint Petersburg.)